What Are the Different Types of Chillers?

Chillers, by definition, are systems that cool down the industrial space to provide better conditions and working environment. These units are used in every industry and without them the whole production process would be slower and riskier. They are a necessity if you work in manufacturing, production, and in the automobile industry.

Here we are going to talk about the different types of chillers you can find on the market, and the features they offer.

Main types and differences


When we talk about chillers, the whole subject is a bit complex and you need to be aware that there are a lot of categories and subcategories that define these units.

The process chillers fall under 2 main types and they are vapor compression and absorption. The former kind uses a mechanical compressor that is electrically driven. They are used to move the air around the system, and with that to cool it down. On the other hand, the latter sort uses heat to move the air around the system.

When we compare these two types, we will notice that the compression units are used a lot more, and they have other subcategories related to them. If you choose to go with a vapor compression unit, you should know that there are air chillers and water of fluid chillers.

To categorize them by the sort of technology that is used to create them, you should know that there are four main kinds that include screw, centrifugal, scroll, and reciprocate type of technology.

Now let’s talk more about each of these subtypes that will help you find out which of these chillers would be the best fit for your home or business.

Compression types and differences


Now let’s talk about the air and water chillers and how they fit in the commercial businesses.

When it comes to the air units, we know that the main goal is to push heat out and to bring cold air in so that the system functions.

The way that they work is they push the heat out using air and force it into a tube that is connected to the vents. These units usually require a lot more energy, and with that, they are harder to maintain. However, they are the best solution if you are looking to find a stationary unit.

There are a lot of positive things about these coolers. First and foremost, they are extremely easy to install and they can also be moved around. You can choose between different sizes and you can easily fit them in any commercial building or apartment. When we compare the prices for both of these systems, the air-cooling ones are a lot cheaper to install and they are easier to maintain and clean. Last but not least, even though they use more power, the heat that is being forced out, can be used to heat oth


er rooms, and with that, you will be able to save some money on the overall bill. Chiller Rental Equipment suggests that these units can be custom designed so you can get all the features you need.

There are some negative things about them as well – they are far noisier than the water systems, and they are less durable.

The water units, as you can imagine, use water or other similar fluids to cool down the hot air. The water is pumped in the tubes and it circulates throughout the whole system. When we compare these two units, users say that the water ones are more efficient in faster and easier chilling.

Once again, there are pros and cons for buying these units, and the biggest pro is that they are better and quieter than the first kind. These units are also a good option no matter the space you have and you can easily use them to chill down any size of space. If you are interested in getting a portable unit, this is an option, however, looking for the right one may take a bit more time and effort. The portable sorts are not largely manufactured, so you may need to talk to a seller before you can find a good and affordable option.

If we think about the negative sides, the biggest con is the overall price. They are cheaper to buy, but the maintenance is far more expensive when compared to the air units. You also need to replace the parts depending on how much you use the unit, and if you don’t do regular cleaning and maintenance, the whole system will get damaged or break.

In case you live in an area where there are water shortages, or if it is hard for you to get large amounts of fluids, this is not the right choice for you. Last, but not least, you will have to treat them with the right products from time to time, so they don’t get damaged by the elements in the fluids.

Technology types and differences


Centrifugal units are usually used for big and medium systems, and they come with the water cooling sorts. The rotators compress the heat and they move it around the cooling system.

Scroll technology is used in both of the main kinds of chillers, and they use two spiral plates that move around and compress the heat.

The screw compressors can also be used in water- and air-cooling systems and they are perfect for small loads. They use two rotors and compress the heat.

Last, but not least, we have the reciprocating technology and they use a chamber and a piston to move the heat around, and with that, to cool the system down. They are used mostly for smaller loads and are perfect for commercial buildings.

As you can see, you can easily find anything that you need depending on your budget and requirements. Most users suggest that investing in a chilling system is the best thing you can do for yourself, and if you don’t want to settle for one unit only, you can always rent. No matter if you decide to buy or rent, write down all the things that you need to get out of a chilling system, think about your budget, and possible issues that you might face. Talk to a seller and don’t forget to check the reviews and testimonials before you settle for a unit.